Before the United States has decided on its positions on the major issues in its relations with developing countries, or at the very least before it has made them public, it is essential that serious exchanges of views take place with the other developed countries. Action by them along similar lines is necessary for the effectiveness of most policies and to protect U.S. interests from being unduly damaged by unilateral actions, particularly in the trade field. Moreover, many of the developed countries, including the United States should seek to benefit from the expertise they have accumulated. Lastly, their support can be of great help in the negotiating process inasmuch as some of them have closer ties than the United States with many developing-country governments, ties from which all can benefit in the difficult task of reaching constructive agreements rather than making headlines with noisy confrontations.