This chapter begins by looking at an extraordinary event that came to light in 2018 and became known as the Windrush scandal. Commonwealth citizens who arrived in the UK after the Second World War and before 1973 are commonly known as the ‘Windrush generation’, after the ship MV Empire Windrush on which citizens from the Caribbean first arrived in 1948. The ship arrived at Tilbury, a town on the north bank of the River Thames, on 22 June, carrying 492 passengers from Jamaica, and the first large group of African-Caribbean migrants to arrive in the UK after the Second World War. On 28 November 2017, Paulette Wilson, who had lived in the UK for more than half a century and had been paying national insurance contributions for 34 years, with a long history of working and paying taxes in the UK, spoke to the Guardian.