De Noronha makes a connection between one kind of ‘hostile environment’, ‘aggressive immigration policies’ and another, ‘stop and search’ that continues to target black people disproportionately: Racism at the border is inseparable from racism within Britain; they license and feed off one another. The neoliberal consensus dominated global politics for at least two decades, since the advent of its two pioneers in the west, Ronald Reagan in the US and Margaret Thatcher in the UK. Reagan started his presidency in 1981 and Thatcher became leader of the Conservative Party in 1975. In 2018, Marxist scholar and long-time political activist, Tom Bramble wrote: That neoliberalism in the West is in crisis is widely accepted across the political spectrum and is a topic that features regularly in the leading international press and in discussions at the highest levels of the ruling class and their advisers at forums and institutions such as Davos, the IMF, OECD, World Bank and the World Economic Forum.