The arc which this book seeks to propose is to discuss the existing interdependencies amongst theology, religious and gender studies. In order to address both the tensions and the connectivity of religious studies, theology and gender research, this chapter questions the notions of religion and gender, the tensions in the fields and connections between theology and religious studies as well as other spaces of the study of religion and analyses their understanding of gender research. It highlights fundamental contradictory concepts of theology and religious studies along with their self-understanding as scientific disciplines. Based on this, the text formulates an outlook for the study of religion and gender in different inter- and transdisciplinary fields including theological gender research, which also comprises repressed dimensions of gender, and gender as a category of knowledge and society.