ABSTRACT

In the 1950s, the psychiatrist John Bowlby laid an important foundation for contemporary knowledge on attachment between children and their parents, and later with other figures. Attachment offers a safe point of departure to explore, to experiment, and take risks. Attachment describes the unconscious process of emotional connections in relationships, and bonding refers to the conscious behavior and actions presented when in contact with others, in the attempt to exercise being open and vulnerable in new relationships. A secure or healthy attachment provides an important basis for dealing with loss and grief. The memory can however be recalled by the body by placing the client in a similar attachment situation. Attachment dynamics can be considered as two distinct movements: reaching out and pulling back, that is, reaching out and expecting that help is available, and pulling back when help is expected to be unavailable.