The main goal of China's path of peaceful maritime development is not to seek global maritime hegemony, nor does it view power struggles at sea as the main way of acquiring interests. It would be very difficult for China to build US-style maritime dominance. However, China can nevertheless carve a new path. For targets of effective ocean exploitation and exploration, China will chiefly rely on diplomatic and economic measures to expand its interests at sea. The pursuit of any maritime power is the choice made in a certain era, under specific conditions and based on their own natural endowments. In history, there have never been two identical maritime powers; even the United States and Britain are quite different in their paths to become maritime powers and the composition of their powers. In candid terms, the emergence of any significant maritime power would certainly drastically alter maritime power structures as well as to some extent reshape the international maritime order.