On July 28, 1920, Mahatma Gandhi announced that non-co-operation would be proclaimed August 1st, and as a preparatory measure he ordered that a day of fasting and prayer be held the day before. The tactics of non-co-operation had been defined two months before by Gandhi and the committee of non-co-operation, and they included the some measures. The measures include: surrender of all titles of honour and honorary offices; non-participation in government loans; suspension by lawyers of practice, and settlement of court disputes by private arbitration; and boycott of government schools by children and parents. They also include: boycott of the reformed councils; non-participation in government parties and other official functions; refusal to accept any civil or military post; and agreements to spread the doctrine of Swadeshi. Gandhi is a universalist through his religious feeling; Rabindranath Tagore is intellectually universal. Gandhi is a universalist of the Middle Ages. While venerating him, we understand and approve Tagore.