In 1921 the non-co-operation movement evolved rapidly. The whole year was one of uncertainty, expectancy, and violent outbreaks. Mahatma Gandhi inevitably reflected its oscillations. Gandhi believed the country was ripe for civil disobedience en masse. The signal was to be given in a model district, at Bardoli, in the province of Bombay. Here, Gandhi's ideas had always been understood and followed. On February 16, 1922, there appeared in Young India one of the most extraordinary human documents ever written. It is Gandhi's tnea culpa, his public confession. Gandhi's principle of Ahimsa (non-violence) has been inscribed in the spirit of India for more than two thousand years. Mahavira, Buddha, and the cult of Vishnu have made it the substance of millions of souls. Gandhi has merely transfused heroic blood into it.