DOI link for Prospect-Refuge Theory
Prospect-Refuge Theory book
Prospect-refuge theory describes the idea that people in public places feel most comfortable when they can observe what is happening around them, while also being slightly protected. Jay Appleton is credited with introducing the theory, suggesting that people prefer environments that offer both prospect and refuge, making it possible to anticipate threats and opportunities and, therefore, protect themselves from harm. The theory has important implications today for safety in public spaces, as well as placemaking interventions that involve public performances and events. This chapter draws on the examples such as the High Line park in Manhattan that offer multiple opportunities for prospect-refuge.