ABSTRACT

This chapter examines the difficulties with a solely neurological approach. It focuses on a neurological reductivism, which can fail to distinguish how the “mind” is more than the “brain”. The chapter discusses links between psychoanalysis and literature through the work of theorist Peter Brooks. Brooks suggests that the human drive to make sense of oneself in the world through stories is related to a desire for wholeness. Psychoanalysis thus moved away from a medical exploration of neurosis and towards an analysis of the human imagination—of how early childhood fantasies shaped future realities, thoughts, and physical reactions. Since they both involve an imaginary version of completion, Body Integrity Identity Disorder and Phantom Limb Syndrome must also be studied from a model that focuses on the importance of the human imagination. Psychoanalysis became less directed towards empirical science and moved towards a more ambiguous framework.