The determining factors of the Hungarian Communist party (HCP) behavior are inscribed in its structure and in its history. The HCP's economic policy has always been a corollary of its general policy and, because of that, an indication, a kind of barometer of its behavior. As for East Germany, its economic performances do not help us to forget its Prussian and Stalinist character. Beyond the prudent overtures toward Austria, Germany, and the United States, the HCP in power endeavors to enhance its Western image—the image of a democratic, liberal, and enlightened communism. As for the former leaders from within Hungary, they remained few in number in the command posts of the "new" party, the party in power. In a remarkable historical and sociological study, Annie Kriegel has defined the French Communist party especially as a "counter-society." The almost unique situation of the Hungarian communist regime is manifested by careful, but significant, moves.