The experience in land settlement, though widely scattered, has created a professional movement with a common vocabulary and similar basic concepts. Land settlement schemes along modern lines are undoubtedly an abrupt departure from conventional conceptions which may require adjustment by planners as well as by settlers. Land settlement–as a component of such development–is approached accordingly in terms of the human potential inherent in rural areas, while agriculture is regarded to be the main resource and tool for socioeconomic transformation. The integration of land settlement in an orderly process of socioeconomic development could hardly be effected at a reasonable pace and cost when concentrated on the individual family. The concept of a regional framework in which the structure of land settlements, both new and traditional, is incorporated is rather versatile and may be adapted to the needs of the planning process.