Chapter 8 considers the early move towards the emancipation of women and the growing push towards midwifery legislation. The creation of the Matron’s Aid Society, the passage of the Midwives Act 1902 and the development of the Midwives Institute (later the Royal College of Midwives) are discussed. The pressure from medical men, expressed in Aveling’s opinion of midwives, to claim childbirth has continued into the 20th century.