John Le Carre’s two most recent novels, The Little Drummer Girl and A Perfect Spy, portray the family, the nourishing community, as the central stage upon which spy and terrorist, counter-spy and counter-terrorist, function. Since The Naive and Sentimental Lover he has not dealt with the inner dynamics of family life. There are three ‘families’ in The Little Drummer Girl: the radical acting troupe, the Mossad team led by Kurtz and Becker and the Palestinian world of Khalil and his sister Fatmeh. The inner structure of A Perfect Spy is similar to that of The Little Drummer Girl, in which Charlie, a central nothingness, stands in relationship to three ‘families’ who create and possess her. In A Perfect Spy the relationships have a different shape. A Perfect Spy is the most autobiographical of le Carre’s books. Le Carre uses the spy thriller to write ‘real’ novels.