This chapter presents each of the three necessary structural conditions for Republican China and Sengoku Japan as proposed in my theoretical framework. The chapter first discusses the concept of structure and how it relates to the operation of the three conditions emphasized here. Next, it briefly reviews each of the three structural conditions delineated in the previous chapter and discuss how they manifest the key aspects of structure generally. The chapter then discusses how the three conditions are manifest in each of the two cases. Each of these last two sections begins with a brief historical overview of the case and then discusses the structural conditions in the following order: the availability and/or development of a specialized ideological framework; the availability of (a) nationally legitimated symbol(s); and the availability of one more areas with a high degree of geopolitical space.