This chapter presents each of the three necessary strategic conditions, as proposed in Chapter One, for Republican China and Sengoku Japan. Each section discusses the three conditions for each case, using the same format as in Chapter Two. These three strategic conditions are: cohering core supporters, incorporating independent social groups, and disempowering local elites. Certain case-specific factors are also discussed when they impinge directly on the operation of the three strategic conditions. Before discussing the cases, the chapter explains what a strategic condition exactly is and its relation to structure. The chapter also briefly reviews each condition and its causal significance.