This chapter covers the three additional case studies this study employs to test the theoretical framework presented in Chapter One. The three cases are late-twentieth-century Ethiopia and Uganda and tenth-century China. These case studies are not comprehensive and instead serve as plausibility probes that can suggest further scope conditions for the framework and possible ways forward in terms of theory refinement and empirical research. These probes seem to indicate that the framework plausibly explains why successful state reconstitution occurred in Ethiopia and Uganda, but only partially explains why the same phenomenon transpired in tenth-century China. These findings imply limitations to the generalizability of the causal framework. After discussing how each of the six necessary conditions applies to the three cases, this chapter discusses implications for this study’s theoretical framework.