Economic opportunities are likely to arise where transportation infrastructures can ensure access to markets and resources. The development of transportation systems takes place in a socioeconomic context. The economic importance of the transportation industry can be assessed from a macroeconomic and microeconomic perspective. Since mobility is one of the fundamental components of the economic benefits of transportation, its variations are likely to have substantial impacts on the employment, educational and social opportunities of individuals. The most common way for a society to mitigate the environmental externalities of transportation is to impose regulations related to standards, level of emissions and operating conditions. Poor infrastructures imply higher transport costs, delays and negative economic consequences. Productive transport needs have a clear economic focus. Tourism, as an economic activity, relies on transportation to bring tourists to destinations, and transportation itself can be part of the touristic experience, such as for cruises..