ABSTRACT

Globalization, trade and freight distribution are interrelated and concern a mobility scale that spans regions, nations and often continents. Despite trade liberalization, new technologies for communication and surveillance, and improved border procedures, crossing borders remains one of the principal challenges in global transportation. The border effects on freight distribution remain salient, even in areas where levels of economic integration are high. The setting of global value chains and their related commodity flows has led to a growing importance of the concept (activities behind the creation of a good) and logistics (activities making goods available on markets) segments. Containers are the privileged load unit for long-distance trade, but the growing complexity of logistics required a more specific level of load management. Space/time convergence, a well-known concept in transport geography where time was simply considered as the amount of space that could be traded with a specific amount of time, including travel and transshipment, is being transformed by logistics.