DOI link for Introduction
Politics covers everything to do with the management of countries, regions or states, including the bodies seeking to influence this – going down to local levels and up to the organizations and alliances that states form with other states. Organizations which run blocs of candidates for election to public office based on a policy programme and organize them to continuously support it. Organizations staffed by legal and administrative specialists formally independent of government and bureaucracy, which settle disputes by reference to established laws and policies. Mass parties instituted a direct link between popular voting in the election and the choice of government and policy. Parties helped produce a clear, popular decision by presenting voters with relatively well-defined policy choices in elections. Where one person or one grouping impose their will on the rest of the population, public policy certainly has a potential for emerging more directly and clearly than where there is democratic and collective decision-making.