DOI link for Kosovo
Chapter 3 examines the case of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) following the intervention of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation’s (NATO) in 1999. The conduct of liberal peacebuilding and local involvement in the contexts of the security sector reform, the trials in the hybrid and international courts, and the provision of healthcare are given particular attention in this chapter. Despite the comprehensiveness of UNMIK’s mandate in establishing and overseeing the development of provisional democratic self-governing institutions, its neutrality over the issue of Kosovo’s status has not afforded itself a long-term and inclusive approach in responding to the evolving security concerns of the people. Its prioritization of short-term stability resulted in institutions short of well-defined and long-term direction and an ethnicized, fragile, and negative peace absent of the political, social, and economic elements of liberal peace.