In this chapter, we consider childhood and the developmental beginning of understanding and engaging in deceptive behavior. The forward trek to adulthood is painstaking for every child. The developmental course of children with respect to deceptive behavior is also arduous for society when children learn to adopt a lifestyle of deceit and cunning. Fortunately, this is not the necessary path for every child, but the quest of detecting and controlling deception in our lifestyles is unending.