While preventative and redistributive justice focus on eliminating the conditions that lead to crime in the first place, restorative and transformative justice have been called "secondary prevention". Restorative justice typically involves creating spaces for dialogue and community conversation such as mediation, victim impact panels, sharing circles, victim-offender dialogue, community reparation boards, circles of support, conferencing or sentencing circles. As with restorative justice, transformative justice practices are victim centered and aim to hold perpetrators of violence accountable without pathologizing them or ostracizing them in the counterproductive ways that characterize the criminal punishment system. Transformative justice practices go much further than restorative justice in trying to understand the context that gave rise to the harmful act and how it was supported and sustained by the community. Transformative justice has been theorized and practiced both in response to the sexual abuse of children and in response to sexual assault. The chapter also presents some closing thoughts on the concepts discussed in this book.