Traditionally, the indigenous people considered that the land was held in trust for their forebears and descendants. Thus no living person had any absolute rights of occupation or ownership that could be sold or transferred. Without entering into the history of the land occupation of the Rhodesian settlers, it is suffice to say that under the LandApportionmentAct, 1930 and the Land Tenure Act, 1969, the entire country was split into three broad occupation groupings, being:

1 Land allocated for white settlement, where no black African was permitted to own land.