Particularly women but also men – both those who have never given a thought to being an entrepreneur and those that have but have been held back by real or imagined barriers. This chapter covers setting the scene, the state of female entrepreneurship, What do the research and data tell us? What does global best practice tell us? and What is the solution? Being an entrepreneur is a different but related state to being an intrapreneur. An intrapreneur is employed by an organisation and is given space to act like an entrepreneur, perhaps to develop ideas for new products and services and new approaches for their organisations. Being self-employed or a freelancer is also a popular choice – with self-employed people needing to accept risk in a similar way to entrepreneurs, as well as to find a gap in a market that they can make a living from.