Pressures, national and international, increased between the Percy Committee's 1945 recommendations and the government's announcement in July 1955 that it intended to establish the National Council for Technological Awards (NCTA), as it did by the end of the year under the chairmanship of Lord Hives, Chairman of Rolls Royce. From 1955, with the creation of the NCTA, the specific demands for increased higher technological education had outcomes which affected the pattern of 'higher education’. What was established from 1955 was that the combination of technology and local authority colleges was a viable alternative to university undergraduate courses, but different — one of the key differences being the integration of the college course with industrial experience — the sandwich course. An NCTA board was to be 'not an examining body, but a "recognizing" body'. With that Trust Deed and such emphases the history of a system of higher education parallel to that of the universities was beginning to be written.