The Council for National Academic Awards (CNAA) was by then 'on the move not only to the greater degree of independence in validation implied by the debate on Partnership in Validation but also towards different forms of validation, more in tune with the situation of higher education in the late seventies'. Several drafts of a paper on 'Extensions of Validation Procedure' were debated amongst officers and in Council meetings in the first half of 1975, and in July at Edwin Kerr's suggestion its title was changed to 'Partnership in Validation'. The Committee of Directors of Polytechnics had welcomed the broad direction in which the CNAA's discussions had been going in 1975, but liked little or nothing in the Partnership in Validation document. Partnership in Validation was immediately published, and institutions and the Council's committees and boards were asked to submit comments by January 1976.