Chapter 10 brings together architectural themes uncovered in the main text and summarises them in light of ideas on health and wellbeing. The buildings which resulted from the beliefs surrounding health and disease in the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries can be seen to have some common traits. These aligned with the mechanisms or processes thought to have a health effect, including: air quality, water use, separation, social integration, exposure to nature, exercise and exposure to sunlight. By addressing these processes architects aimed to produce buildings which improved the health of the general public, prevented the spread of disease, and, aided in the healing and care of the ill. During the second half of the twentieth century, the rise of the biomedical approach to health, and the increased use of pharmaceuticals saw buildings and landscapes lose their therapeutic role.