In criminal justice, many men and women have brought about significant improvements in the way criminal justice services are delivered and criminal justice organizations are run. The decision to appoint a criminal justice manager to lead a criminal justice organization will occur via one of two basic approaches: direct election, or appointment. Managers in criminal justice are expected to be both leaders and policy-makers. In criminal justice contexts, a police chief does not usually investigate crimes, direct traffic, or write motor vehicle violation tickets. In reality, there is a continuum of leadership behaviors, ranging from boss-centered to subordinate-centered leadership. Modern leaders have learned to motivate people by applying incentives. Implicit in Abraham Maslow’s hierarchy and Frederick Herzberg’s motivators is the idea that the manager will manipulate inducements to encourage and reward desirable behavior among subordinates.