The past president, R. Wallerstein, in his famous ‘One Psychoanalysis or Many?’, also re-proposes the idea of taking the clinical theory–‘the theory of the transference and of resistance’–to which he simply adds ‘and the theory of conflict and defence’ as the common basis in the present ‘pluralistic’ situation. Many hard-working and more inconspicuous militants of psychoanalysis have done their best to practise their profession in the silence of their consulting rooms, learning from their teachers, their patients, and the authors they have come across in the course of their reading. The patient who refuses or does not listen to an interpretation, who criticizes and attacks the analyst, is not only an omnipotent, arrogant, and envious patient—more than anything else, he may want to signal a misunderstanding or an error on the part of the analyst.