The transference and its accompanying counter-transference remain the central affective component in analytical psychotherapy. The difference in management suggests that the development and flowering of the transference depend on the behaviour of the analytic therapist. For the purposes of exposition the transference will be divided into the transference neurosis and the archetypal transference conceived by Carl Jung as taking place in individuation. Transference indicators can be handled in the ways available to the analyst: the patient can be confronted with the signs he is showing, they can be explored and they can be interpreted and worked through. Transference is usually but incompletely characterized as projection. The transference, then, is a powerful instrument for gaining access to a patient's childhood. The archetypal transference has two characteristics that the personal one has not: the projections are more clearly parts of the self that need to be integrated.