The creative principle has the function of transforming the 'given' in the personality. These 'givens' are the drives, inner elements, and outer stimuli. One needs to think of them as dry seeds which lie inert in the personality, dead and inactive until water and sunlight has penetrated them. Dilthey emphasises this: 'The pinnacle of human development is attained when the inwardness of the individual guides and shapes his perceptions and controls his actions at every moment'. Penetration into the inner is what characterises the personal as opposed to the individual whose relation to the other is through 'phenomenal exteriors'. There is the communication between parts within the individual and also between him and the inwardness of his companion. The inner relation of the one to the other at the individual level is what waters the seeds in each. Hatred is a word which, when applied to primitive action, represents a violent discharge.