In this chapter, the author focuses on the transposition of the research on careseeker/caregiver dyads to the context of adult psychotherapy. She deals with the work of D. Heard and B. Lake, practising psychoanalytic psychotherapists who have extended the theoretical base of attachment theory to take account of the problems that clients bring to therapy. The author explores how she have put together the concept of goal-corrected empathic attunement, why she locate it in the interpersonal system of caregiving and careseeking and why she think it makes sense to locate it within the extended view of attachment theory. The attachment dynamic describes an interpersonal process that takes place through two different kinds of social exchange which present usually in mixed form. These two kinds of social interactions are supportive companionable and dominant versus submissive. The system for exploration is not included within the attachment dynamic.