This chapter introduces the broad evidentiary basis of the overall responsive legality framework. It does this, first, through exploring contemporary public administration studies ranging across a number of law and social theory sub-disciplines and, second, through introducing the framework of the Refugee Review Tribunal of Australia as the illustrative empirical site. In this it identifies areas where responsive legality is at play and the logically and practically positive impact it can have in contemporary governance. It presents a brief comment on the research techniques and methods employed to discern the twenty-first-century ideal type, providing the background framework necessary for deciphering the subsequent case-study material.