The main focus of this book has been on the phenomenon of the contemporary Russian militant right. It is a topic that is presently given significant attention in political science, and yet it seems to us insufficiently described and conceptualised. Our ambition as authors of this book has been primarily to describe this specific actor of modern Russian politics, but here in the conclusion it makes sense to attempt to grasp it conceptually as well. This means to consider three broad analytical frameworks: (1) the militant right as a specific family of doctrines; (2) non-democratic regime theory, including the theory of opposition in such regimes; and (3) what are called ‘Russian studies’. This conclusion, then, sums up the findings of the preceding chapters; yet, with respect to the three research perspectives just outlined, it also aims to articulate the relationship between, on the one hand, the phenomenon of the contemporary Russian militant right and, on the other, the conservative authoritarian political model of the contemporary Putin regime, or the Russian traditionalist narrative more broadly.