It is typical of militant Russian right-wing extremist organisations to seek to achieve their aims in a variety of violent ways. For example, a certain—and relatively important—part of the violence committed by Russia's extreme right can be subsumed under the category of terrorism, understood in this book primarily as a method of achieving one's own interests by using intimidation to send a threatening message to an evidently larger group of people than just the victims of the terrorist act (Mareš 2005: 22). However, it is often difficult to distinguish extreme right terrorism from other forms of violence (Ravndal 2016). This is because the ‘threatening message’ is generated by the very fact that an act of violence has been committed, and is not necessarily accompanied by a written or video explanation (Waldmann 2003: 38–39).