ABSTRACT

The incident is of more than symbolic importance, for in Vietnam, the roots of the Communist movement are deeply intertwined with those of the anticolonial movement. The symbiotic relationship between nationalism and communism in Vietnam is in no small measure responsible for the triumph of the forces of revolution over the Saigon regime in the spring of 1975. The disintegration of the scholar-patriot movement coincided with the emergence of new social forces that were destined to play a major role in the next stage of Vietnamese nationalism. In such conditions, Marxism first made its appearance in Vietnam. It seems fitting to begin an examination of the origins of Vietnamese communism with a brief reference to early career of Ho Chi Minh. The vehicle that Ho Chi Minh used for carrying out these instructions was a new organization formed in 1925 under his guidance, the Vietnamese Revolutionary Youth League. The French were more vulnerable, of course, to attack in the countryside.