ABSTRACT

Communist Party historians in Hanoi would occasionally claim that the Nghe Tinh revolt had set the Vietnamese revolution on a new course that would inexorably lead to victory nearly half a century later. One of the major sources of Soviet domination over the fledgling Vietnamese Communist movement was its continuing influence over the Party leadership through the famous Stalin School, the Communist University of the Toilers of the East. As soon as the news of the arrest of the Central Committee reached Moscow, the Comintern decided to send several students at the Stalin School back to Vietnam by circuitous routes to form the nucleus of a new leadership. A few minor moderate political parties had been formed among urban intellectuals but were too intimidated by official harassment to pose a serious threat to the government. By the late 1930s, the Indochinese Communist Party (ICP) was virtually alone in carrying the banner of Vietnamese nationalism.