The ink on President von Hindenburg’s signature — designating Hitler as the new German chancellor — had hardly dried when the Nazis began to institute their platform. Now, with legal means at their disposal, the Nazis’ long-pent-up rage against Communists, Jews, and all other opponents gave vent to a campaign of harassment, assault, and terror against real or perceived enemies. Foremost on their hit list was German Jewry. This seemingly annoying beginning would, within less than a dozen years, culminate in the murder of some 6 million European Jews and millions of others.