This introduction chapter presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in the subsequent chapters of this book. The book investigates the histories of our inaccurate and stereotypical words and ideas and suggests alternatives. It talks about the whole of Africa as Africa because the issues discussed in the book are relevant for the whole. The book focuses on white American myths about Africa—because they have been the most dominant, the most negative, and the most in need of change. Africa is, however, very much a part of the American subconscious. In the first part of the twentieth century, most Americans believed that Africans could be subjugated because they were primitives, natives. During much of American history, a large majority of Americans considered racist beliefs and exploitation of Africa acceptable. Positive myths about Africa also serve Western self-definition. Those who are dissatisfied with modern American life might construct Africa to present viable alternatives.