In April 2011, France became the first country in Europe to ban Islamic face veils, such as the burqa and the niqab, in public places. Under the law, which was upheld in 2014 by the European Court of Human Rights, women can be fined for wearing a face veil in public. The veil, like the traditional Arabian male head coverings, regulates the temperature of the head, keeping the sun off it and keeping it warm on cool nights and chilly mornings. Chad K. banned women from full-face veiling following two suicide bomb attacks in June 2015, and government employees have been forbidden to wear not only face veils but even head scarves. The Quran itself is ambiguous about veiling. Saudi Arabia and Iran legally require veiling. Chanel and other global fashion designers have begun offering elegant designer veils for Muslim women who can afford them.