All school reform has one final common pathway: instructional activity. Whether reforms concentrate on school finance, class size limitations, preservice teacher education, national standards and goals, teacher induction, community partnerships, or any other piece of education, nothing will have any effect on student learning except as it operates through the teaching-and-learning activities at the classroom level. This chapter presents a system by which the pattern of activities can be designed to achieve simultaneously all the major goals of all branches of the school reform movement: academic Excellence, Fairness, Inclusion, and Harmony. Fairness began as the piercing fife-call to conscience of the Civil Rights movement; it became the rallying cry of the cultural revolution of the 1960s. Parallel to the movements for Fairness and equity was the "cultural compatibility" movement that attempted to improve academic Excellence by specific tailoring of schools for particular cultural populations. The chapter also presents an overview of the key concepts discussed in this book.