A series of principles for the organisation of large scale, strategic urban planning can help to create the conditions for us to lead healthier lives. The way settlements are laid out creates patterns that, once established, are hard to change and will influence the way people’s lives are led far into the future. Urban layouts are both constrained and enhanced by natural features which may relate to topography, geology, water courses, fields, forests and local microclimates. Depending on how communities decide to use the urban spaces, these simple, conceptual diagrams have the potential to be made into very healthy or very unhealthy places to live in. There is a wealth of documentation about traffic management, a subject that has fundamental impacts on the way our settlements have been developed. The city’s governance is effective and has set realistic targets for accommodating population growth based on ecologically-guided principles and providing social infrastructure facilities.