ABSTRACT

Technological innovations to reduce the air pollution and carbon emissions caused by motor vehicles address some of the problems of getting about but, from the perspective of healthy placemaking, they leave others untouched. To create walkable communities, the space allocated to vehicle movement and parking should be minimised to allow the urban structure to be compact. The attractiveness and functionality even of small village squares can end up being deprived of their former, social purposes by poorly-organised vehicle movement and parking arrangements. The adaptation of movement networks to rebalance the way we allocate urban space may need authorisation from the top but can also be initiated at grassroots level. Economic reality also relates to land value, and the amount of space the two or three cars occupy when parked on a newly-built residential plot can only increase the purchase price of the dwellings.