This chapter discusses the case study on Austria. First, it provides contextual information for understanding the development of teacher education in Austria, including information about the historical background and governance of the system, as well as the accession of Austria in the EU. It then explores the development of teacher education policy since the year 2000, focusing on the latest reform that restructured the Austrian teacher education system, namely the Teacher Education New (PädagogInnenbildung Neu) reform. Finally, the chapter compares contemporary teacher education policies and practices in Austria with European developments by looking into the system and the example of the Western Teacher Education Cluster led by the University of Innsbruck. A summary of main findings concludes the chapter.