Working in crisis-ravaged regions and within the framework of war trauma, the author have often been forced to confront the difficult relationship between trauma and the processes of reconciliation. As a working-through of conflict after trauma, these processes are part of the basic elements of a peaceful society. Only by working through conflicts and coming to terms with their consequences can they be transformed, both intrapsychically and interpersonally. One way of framing forgiveness psychologically is as abandoning our right to resent those who hurt us unjustly and treating them with compassion, generosity, and love. While the issue of whether forgiveness and reconciliation promote posttraumatic healing is still controversial, it is clear that the work of remembering is a prerequisite for working through traumatic injustice, whether in the life of the individual or in societies torn by violence. Reconciliation and forgiveness represent a lived attitude, a conscious commitment to nonviolence.