This concluding chapter of the book summarises the utility of Robert Cox’s neo-Gramscian theoretical perspective as a tool that can be used to support emancipatory projects and suggests a research agenda for climate justice in the Anthropocene. Concrete examples of important emerging climate justice issues that could be the subject of further research using the ecological neo-Gramscian perspective (or any other theoretical lens appropriate for the Anthropocene) include identifying and finding solutions to the threats faced by those least responsible for, and most threatened by, the unfolding ecological disasters. The chapter concludes with the observation that taking the implications of the Anthropocene seriously entails a recognition that traditional IR and IPE concerns such as ‘hegemony’ (in the orthodox Realist meaning of powerful states), the state of the global economy, and ‘security’ need to be folded into, and subsumed by, focused explorations of how we can create socially just social systems that protect the biosphere and ensure a habitable planet for both present and future generations of people and for all other life-forms. It is in this way that the responsible scholarship that Robert Cox advocates could be conducted with the purpose of serving the least powerful groups, and the other life forms that we share the planet with, rather than the interests of the most powerful, who have proved themselves incapable of finding effective solutions to the crises they have caused and continue to exacerbate.