This chapter concludes the book by presenting our key findings in relation to ethnic culture and identity reinvention in the Kam area in the context of linguistic ethnography and previous research. Against such a background, this book aimed to shed light on the practices and processes of ethnic identity reconstruction in the Kam community in Southwest China. To operationalise ethnic identity, authors analysed the interviewees' narratives about their interactions and relationships with other ethnic groups, their acceptance of and attitudes towards Kam identity, and their accounts of the government's practices in reinventing Kam ethnic culture and identity. Especially in the current process of government-led reconstruction and promotion of ethnic cultures, the complex interrelations between the two perspectives often reflect the interactions of different actors, such as government vs. villagers.