This chapter presents the issue of limitations on the application of the theory of spontaneous order in relation to politics. Political science focuses on studying the phenomena of the active and planned shaping of social order, expressed in decisions and actions aimed at changing social structures. Thus politics, understood as a type of social activity, is teleological in its nature. As a result, explaining the phenomenon of spontaneous order seems to have no significant application within political science. The chapter indicates that the value of the theory in the study of political phenomena is due primarily to its focus on the issue of limitations in the human ability to achieve political goals. At the same time, this theory raises the question of the legitimacy of the planned shaping of social structures.

This chapter also examines the usefulness of the dichotomous distinction between two forms of order, spontaneous and planned, formed by the spontaneous order theory to describe and study social phenomena. This indicates that the cognitive value of the concept of spontaneous order stems from the problem situation of the existence of human cognitive limitations that this concept reflects. This makes it possible to reject arguments suggesting an internal contradiction in Hayek’s concept of constitutional order.