This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the concepts covered in the preceding chapters of this book. The book explores the cultural politics of jazz on television during the final twenty years of the Portuguese right-wing colonialist New State regime. It argues that a useful means of understanding the interrelationship between state-controlled television and the development of jazz with a particular country is through a detailed analysis of its television jazz production over an extended period: grasping the dynamics between presences and absences. The book describes the establishment of the Portuguese public television service. It examines the first Radiotelevisao Portuguesa (RTP) television jazz series to use international content. The book explores substantial changes within Portuguese television jazz production, particularly the consolidation of Jorge Veloso as producer, presenter and jazz musician.